Archive for the ‘Politics’ Category


I was reading an article on Yahoo relating to the Delhi Rape case, and I am was really shocked at some of the comments passed by the lawyer of the accused. Here is the complete article:

“”The five persons accused of gang-raping and killing of a 23-year-old Delhi girl in a moving bus have got lawyers to defend them.

All the accused also assaulted her 28-year-old male friend. Both were thrown out of the bus after around 40 minutes, battered, naked, bleeding and shivering. The lady’s friend will be the main witness in the case.

Meanwhile, a lawyer who volunteered to defend one of the six accused, Mukesh, brother of the main accused Ram Singh, said the victim and her friend were responsible for the assault.

Manohar Lal Sharma, a 56-year-old Supreme Court advocate, said the victim’s friend was responsible for the attack as the couple should not have ventured out on the streets at night.

He further went on to say that he never heard of a respectable woman being raped in the country.

Speaking to The Independent, Manohar said: ‘I have not seen a single incident or example of rape with a respected lady. Even an underworld don would not like to touch a girl with respect.’

Blaming the victim’s friend, Manohar told The New York Times: ‘This all happened because of the lust of the boy. This is the boy who should be hanged. He’s responsible for everything. He should be punished.’

In an interview with Bloomberg, Manohar was quoted saying that he was ‘confident that the men will be proved innocent because there are a number of problems with the police investigation.’

“We will plead not guilty. We want this to go to trial,” Manohar told Reuters.

“We are only hearing what the police are saying. This is manipulated evidence. It’s all on the basis of hearsay and presumption.”

Manohar said the police had rushed through the investigation against the five men even when they were not ready with the key detail of the age of the sixth member of the group, who lured the woman and a male friend into the bus and, according to leaked accounts, was the most brutal in the attack.

“When you have not even established the age of this person, how can you go to court bringing the charges against the others, and say your investigations are complete,” Sharma said.

“We all know how police investigations are carried out in India.”

Manohar also accused that Mukesh was being brutality tortured in police custody.

Sharma said police had sexually assaulted his client with a stick and humiliated him. “They urinated in his mouth, they did all kinds of things to him. He is facing the same torture now from the jail inmates,” he said.

Lawyer VK Anand is representing the main accused Ram Singh, ML Sharma is defending Mukesh, AP Singh is representing Akshay alias Thakur and Vinay Sharma, while the fifth accused Pawan Gupta will be represented by counsel Vivek Sharma.

The sixth accused is a juvenile and his case is being heard by a Juvenile Justice Board.

The police have charged the five under sections 302 (murder), 307 (attempt to murder), 376 (2)(g) (gang-rape), 377 (unnatural offences), 395 (dacoity), 396 (murder in dacoity), 365 (kidnapping or abduction with intent to secretly or wrongfully confine a person), 394 (hurting in dacoity), 201 (destruction of evidence), 120B (conspiracy), 34 (common intention), 412 (dishonestly receiving stolen property), and 397 (robbery or dacoity with attempt to cause death or grievous hurt) of the Indian Penal Code.”

I really don’t understand how can an advocate pass such comments. I am fine with him pointing the flaws in the system, and the process that are followed in the investigations done by police department. Even his raising the points of the accused being tortured in the prison during investigation are valid to be raised (though one would say that these guys deserved for what they did) as these accused are not declared guilty by court as yet, and if we want/expect the overall system to be good, then we need the judgement to come out from the judge and whatever punishment is given, must be carried out.

But how on earth did he get the courage, the brains to speak a comment like “never heard of a respectable woman being raped“. I don’t know what exactly was thinking of when he spoke these words. These words are probably trying to disgrace the entire womankind. And this coming from an advocate, who must have said that in front of a judge in a courtroom, is actually a disgrace for the entire nation. I know he has to do a very tough job of defending these accused, but still how can one actually come up with such a statement. I know we have the right and freedom to speak, but we cannot really pass such comments. I would request Mr. Manohar Lal Sharma to please appologise for your statement in public if you do not want a public outrage against you. All I can say to Mr. Sharma is that the people whom you are defending have done an unpardonable crime, but even you are not much behind by giving such a statement.

And by saying another of his statement where he was asking the victim’s friend to be hanged, he has surely cracked the joke of the year, and probably even of the century. I must say this person is pretty humrous in nature. I don’t know why is he wasting his talent in courtrooms, he should appear in laughter shows on television. I am sure he would have more such humrous one-liners to speak.

I am really disappointed by reading that article, and that is why I had to write about it here. And my disappointment was more because, I too was in favour of a court trial to take place as these accused had the right to face the trial, defend themselves. In fact initally when I got to know of advocates coming ahead to defend them, I really admired the people for doing what was correct for the judicial system as a whole. But with such comments I am left shocked. All I can say is that I have always been proud of our country’s pledge all along where we said “All Indians are my brothers and sisters”, and today I am disgusted saying this line again thinking of these accused and largely thinking of you. Those people attacked just one girl, you have attacked all the women of the country. If I have to put it in your own words, you are the more “respectable” person than the accused, and this is what was not expected from you. All we expected from you was to fight for these accused with dignity, and not by getting down to their level.

I really don’t know if this is another of those cases that will go on and on, and Mr. Sharma has really done well in extending the case so far, but I don’t mind (though I would really be unhappy), if he can delay the judgement by coming out with good points in defence, but all I can hope is that he fights the case with a lot more social sensibility.

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There has been a certain outburst in public ever since the news of the Delhi Rape case has come to limelight. There have been various marches all across the country asking for justice for the victim and the accused to be given capital punishment. The media has been on the move as well trying to highlight the loopholes in the security during the dark in the country and especially in the capital.

Now, I really don’t know what to say about all this, as I have a lot of mixed feelings seeing at the case. I definitely feel sorry for the victim, and to a large extent feel kind of ashamed of belonging to the NCR region where this case has happened. I always was proud ad maybe I still am proud saying that I belong to Delhi, calling it as “Dillwalo ki Dilli” but such cases really put a big question mark I front of me. And the worst thing is that I can’t do anything about this, just stay quiet and wait and watch of what happens to the case, and during this time all I can do is feel sad for the victim, that’s it.

People say make your voice be heard and make a difference. I am not sure whether this statement holds true. There have been people on the streets demanding justice, but what has it resulted to? The last time people came on streets country wide to support Anna Hazare what difference did it make to the government and the judicial system? Probably nothing, except for making Anna Hazare and Arvind Kejriwal household names countrywide. Again people are coming out in support of this young victim demanding capital punishment for the accused, but will this make a difference, especially in the judicial system? I am not really sure about this?

I believe, already many people like me have already lost faith in the judicial system of India. How can one justify Kasab getting hanged just a couple of days before his fourth anniversary in India, when there were clear evidences in the form of video footages and the result should not have taken more than a couple of months. Another such case was that of Jessica Lal, when the Supreme Court finally confirmed the accused guilty well 11 years after the killing had taken place. And this murder did not happen in solitude, but happened in front of as many as 32 witnesses, but still it took 11 years to finally convict accused, who for all those 11 years was enjoying a decent life. And what about Sonali Mukherjee, acid was thrown on her face and what has happened to the prime accused? They are living a comfortable life for the past 9 years. In the meanwhile all Sonali could do is fight and after seeing her  patience broken during this long period she has asked for euthanasia, as now she cannot bear her medication both financially and mentally. India is a developing country, and we all are talking about it becoming a developed country soon, but with such a weak judicial system that plays a huge role in the society, I think a dream of becoming a developed country might remain as a dream only.

Again, would giving capital punishment to the accused be correct justice to the victim who is currently battling for her life, and if she survives, she might have to live with the trauma all her life. What is really justice for her? Would giving capital punishment to these people give her the life back which she was dreaming of a week earlier? I don’t think so. People have also come out as giving chemical castration as a punishment to the people who commit such a heinous crime.

All, I want to say is by giving these accused the capital punishment or chemical castration would this crime stop in the country? That is where I think a change needs to me brought about in the levels of thinking, upbringing of the people in the country and a major revamp is required in the laws against crime. These days people who are slightly powerful, in financial terms and politically are not afraid to commit such crimes as they are very confident that either they would never be caught or even if they are, they would not be convicted as the conviction rate in the country is too low, and especially against powerful people it is negligible. The thought that prevails in the mind of the people that they could get away with such heinous crimes is one thing that needs to be eradicated. No country is perfect, there are crimes committed everyone across the globe, but the difference lies in the judicial system, in the rate of the number of cases being convicted, and the time duration in which the accused gets the punishment.

I strongly believe that laws against such crimes need to be changed. Yes the culprits of this case need to be hanged, but they should be hanged soon. It should not happen that they are kept in prison for another 5-10 years and then hanged. Also, a very strong message needs to be sent out to the public that if such a crime happens, the accused would not be spared and would be given the severest of the punishments and that too in quick time. We need to change the mindset of the people. We need to educate children right from the beginning, we need to counsel the youth so that the thoughts of such crimes that may be arising can be curbed. We need to start this education right from the grass root level only then can we think or eradicating such crimes from the country. We need to get the change in ourselves first and our closed ones and think start thinking of the society at large.
Also, people are talking about security issues. I really don’t think people should speak of this when half of them don’t take security measures themselves. People drive bikes without helmets, people drive rash on roads, people drink and drive and then all they do is blame others in case of an accident. So talking of any security measures is really baseless. The change needs to happen within ourselves first, and we all need to think about it, as it is high time we all come together and make this country much better for living.

Coming back to this particular incident, I rest my case. The accused should be given punishment whether it is castration or capital punishment, but it should be done soon. There is no point hanging onto this for long.


I wanted this topic to be titled as “Anna Hazare and his fight against corruption”, as that would have got more traffic and readership to my blog, but that is not my primary motive of this blog post. Here I would to make a point, where our generation is starting to forget our freedom fighters and other national heroes. Today, our generation hardly knows much about the freedom fighters leave aside remembering the war heroes who too gave away the ultimate sacrifice (their life) for the country. This is really disappointing and sad, and because of this I have thought of writing something about this. From nowhere this topic has come into my priority list, and maybe I would be able to send the message across to everyone.

The actual source behind this can be the recent revolutionary movement started by Anna Hazare to fight against the corruption in the country. It all started while during lunch time yesterday on the discussion on Anna’s step to go on fast unto death for the fight against corruption. In between all this I mentioned an instance of a similar step undertaken by Shaheed Bhagat Singh. To my astonishment my friend had no clue about it. And I am talking about a person who has profound knowledge, and does cite examples of Hitler, Churchill, and others every now and then. A person like him had no clue of Bhagat Singh left me in an astonishment, and even more disappointing was that he ended all of that topic in humor. That discussion left me in disarray. And after going home I had a discussion with my maid and her children and then I realized that since Bhagat Singh’s and his mates activities are hardly taught in school, people hardly know who he was and what he did for the country. And all the very little information they have is because of the recent movies that were made on him and his activities.

I also remember an interview given by Raj Kumar Hirani before his release of the film Lage Raho Munnabhai, where he said that “people who have not been to school even don’t know who Mahatma Gandhi (the father of our nation) is”. Also this raises a question that do people only know about these great figures if they had been to school and have studied them. This is a very surprising state but yes a very sad one.

Here I am just talking about two legends of Indian freedom fight, and few people know about them as they have studied about them in early life as well as there have been movie interpretations on them as well. But what about the others, who too sacrificed their lives for the country’s freedom. For example to name a few, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bipin Chandra Pal, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Chandrashekhar Azad, Sardar Vallabhai Patel, Udham Singh, Kartar Singh Sarabha, and others. Do people even know them?     

Also this is about the freedom fighters, what about our soldiers and war heroes. They stay at the borders to protect the country, they fight, they kill, they die for the country, do we remember them ever, or even do we know who they were. For example to name a few, Capt. Vikram Batra, Capt. Manoj Pandey, Capt. Anuj Nayaar, Maj. Sandeep Unnikrishnan, Capt. Gurbachan Singh Salaria, 2/Lt. Arun Kheteralpal, Havaldar Abdul Hamid, Subedar Joginder Singh, and many others. Do people even know them and know of their contribution towards the country. What disappoints me the most is the India media in this case, as stupid celebrity marriage news will make a top headline but a soldier’s sacrifice of his life for the country won’t be featured as well.  

All this disappoints me a lot, as our generation has also added to the woes. Today people our more interested globally, they want to know what is happing all around the globe and don’t know of what is the situation in their own country. They neglect past Indian history as for them it was mandatory to study only to pass the examinations. Today they know what an Obama speaks but have no clue what a Swami Nigamanand (another person who sacrificed his life for a noble cause) says.

I would want to state a serious comedy of error over here. “Since the movement undertaken by Anna Hazare is gaining popularity in the country, many fellow people have joined hands to support Anna in his movement.  People are taking out rallies in support of Anna, and for fight against corruption in almost every city. A similar rally was passing by my colony last weekend, with people chanting slogans everywhere. That is the time when I spotted a person who was in his mid-twenties I suppose and asked him what was all this about. He said that all this is in support Anna Hazare and his fight against corruption. Then I asked him if he knew what Anna’s demands were and what exactly Lokpal Bill is all about, and he was clueless”.

Now this is the state of the country, today’s youth has come onto the streets to fight for his rights and against corruption (which is very good), but does not know what exactly his demands to the government are, or how will his demands eventually help him. All he does is he sees people around entering into a movement and follows them blindly.
Why exactly I have written all this so far is because, I am not sure what is going to be the final verdict of this movement, though I do believe that what Anna is doing for the country no common man could (as he has somewhat managed to awake the country). And unfortunately if he dies in between all these events people will very soon forget him and his deeds. The next generation would not probably even know who Anna Hazare was and what his contribution towards the Indian society was.  I don’t trust the Indian media as well, as they might cover all this exclusively but only till an Indian cricket team win or a Sachin Tendulkar century, when those news will overshadow everything else and this movement will vanish from the media as well (something that happened to Swami Nigamanand). People like him, Mahatma Gandhi, Bhagat Singh should never be forgotten in the fashion Swami Nigamanand has been.

Here is a line said by Sardar Bhagat Singh, “It is easy to kill individuals but you cannot kill the ideas. Great empires have crumbled while the ideas survived.”

I hope the idea behind these great people survives within us and is also passed to our next generations or else would end up being with hardly any moral values, hardly any love for the country, and amidst tremendous corruption.

Also, I would like to ask everyone and hope that we all join in this fight against corruption, as this is also no less than a fight against terrorists, the government of India.


The decade long US struggle to capture the world’s most wanted terrorist ended on May 2, 2011 when a small American team acting under Obama’s direct orders (known as Operation Geronimo) killed the most wanted terrorists, who was hiding in a place called Abbottabad in Pakistan. Osama Bin Laden was the founder of the terrorist group “Al-Qaeda”, a group which is responsible for spreading terror in most part of the world. Osama is known to be the mastermind behind the planning of 9/11 attacks on USA, an attack which shocked the world, not just USA.

On Monday, May 2, 2011 Osama was shot dead, and later his body was identified by using the facial recognition techniques (I work a lot on these techniques and I know how much powerful they are, so if these have confirmed the identity, I believe the reports to be true).  However, the DNA test has also been done, and the reports will be out soon, which I guess will be a second and a major proof of the death of Osama. Also, the news of the killing was announced by Obama, the president of USA, so I do believe him. If it had been Bush, I still might have been in a doubt but that’s not the case with Barack Obama. In the mean while the body of Osama Bin Laden was buried as per all the Muslim rites into the Arabian Sea.

In between all the news and hype of Osama’s death, the major concern that rises is the involvement of Pakistan in this matter, a major doubt over its military and its seriousness in combatting terrorism. Also a question that has risen above all (I guess Indian media has had a big hand in it) is the involvement of Pakistan in helping Osama Bin Laden to hide in its territory. Did the Pakistan government really know about the hiding? I (I know I am an Indian, but still logically I cannot really understand this fact) really cannot Pakistan, that they denied of their involvement. How can it be that the world’s most wanted terrorist hides in your place for 10 long years without you knowing anything about it. I know it is a very serious accusation that I have just raised, but then I really would love to hear the answer of Pakistan on this question and accusation.

But yes I do feel a little sad for Pakistan the country as well, since it is terribly humiliating for a country to end up in a position they are now, when a foreign country not only carries out drone strikes in the country, but also sends Special Forces inside cities. It is even shameful that US did not even let the Pakistan government know about this operation. Former Pakistan president Pervez Musharraf also pointed out the same thing, that the Americans should have at least informed the Pakistani government about this operation. On a comical note one of my friends answered to Musharraf’s comment by saying “Had the Americans informed you all (the Pakistani government) in hand, this operation surely could never have been a success. As the moment you all would have got to know about this the very moment Osama would also have been informed and he would have fled.”  Anyways, the next few days will be a test of both America and Pakistan. How will Pakistan be able to justify Osama’s presence in its territory? How much will America and the rest of the world drill into the facts or overlook the disturbing but probably true facts behind all this action.

India has always accused Pakistan of providing refuge to all the wanted terrorists. And now when that has somewhat been proved now, what will be the Indian government’s next step, is something I would love to see. Also, I really don’t know why can’t India do an US now, attack with Special Forces the way America did and capture and kill most terrorists. On the contrary what the end up doing is feeding and spending billions of Indian currency hard earned by Indians on terrorists like Qasab trying to just prove that he belongs to the Pakistan origin. I really feel this is insane. I think it is the time they learn something from USA and take some steps, and now hopefully they might even get the US backing as well.
In the end all I can say is a very long (a decade long) chapter is now closed. Although the war against terrorism is still not over, I do believe that this is the beginning of the end of Al-Qaeda.

Article from Wikipedia over Osama’s death:

“On May 1, 2011, in Washington, D.C. (May 2, Pakistan Standard Time), U.S. President Barack Obama announced that Osama bin Laden had been killed by "a small team of Americans" acting under Obama’s direct orders, in a covert operation in Abbottabad, Pakistan, about 50 km (31 mi) north of Islamabad. It had been believed by some that bin Laden was hiding near the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas, but he was actually found 100 miles away in a million-dollar, three-story mansion in Abbottabad at 00 34°10′9″N 73°14′33″E / 34.16917°N 73.2425°E / 34.16917; 73.2425. Bin Laden’s mansion was located .75 miles (1.21 km) southwest of the Pakistan Military Academy (Pakistan’s "West Point"). Google Earth maps show that the compound was not present in 2001, but was present on images taken in 2005.

According to U.S. officials, a team of 20–25 U.S. Navy SEALs from the Naval Special Warfare Development Group (SEAL Team Six), under the command of the Joint Special Operations Command and working with the CIA stormed bin Laden’s compound in two helicopters. Bin Laden, three other men, and a woman were killed in a firefight in which U.S. forces did not experience any injuries or casualties. In his broadcast announcement, President Obama said that U.S. forces "took care to avoid civilian casualties." Among the others killed were one of bin Laden’s sons, a man described as a courier, and the courier’s brother. Four years of surveillance of the courier led to the intelligence which made the raid possible. It was reported that the courier was the owner of the compound where the assault took place. John Brennan, the White House anti-terrorism chief, said that the woman that was killed was one of bin Laden’s four wives and was being used as a human shield at the time. Two other women, who were also used as shields, were injured during the raid. According to one U.S. official, the attack was carried out without the knowledge or consent of Pakistani authorities. In contrast, agents of the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence agency (ISI) said it was a joint operation.

DNA from bin Laden’s body, compared with DNA samples on record from his dead sister’s brain confirmed bin Laden’s identity the following day, according to assertions to ABC News by unnamed sources. The body was recovered by the U.S. military, and was in its custody until his body was buried in the North Arabian Sea from the USS Carl Vinson according to Islamic traditions. One U.S. official stated that "finding a country willing to accept the remains of the world’s most wanted terrorist would have been difficult." MSNBC reported, "There also was speculation about worry that a grave site could have become a rallying point for militants."

The U.S. State Department issued a "worldwide caution" for Americans following bin Laden’s death, and U.S diplomatic facilities everywhere were placed on high alert, a senior U.S official said. Crowds gathered outside the White House and in New York City’s Times Square to celebrate bin Laden’s death. In Pakistan, some people were shocked at those reports that said that the mission was not authorized by Pakistan.”

Article from Yahoo news over Osama’s burial:

“Washington, May 2(ANI): Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden’s body has been buried at sea, as the United States does not want his burial place to become a terrorist shrine, a US official has said.
The official said that the body was handled according to Islamic practice and tradition, Fox News reports.
That practice calls for the body to be buried within 24 hours, the official added.
"Finding a country willing to accept the remains of the world’s most wanted terrorist would have been difficult. So, the US decided to bury him at sea," the official said.
The Saudi-born terrorist, who had evaded capture for a decade, was killed in a top secret operation involving a small team of US special forces in Abbottabad city, located 50 kilometres northeast of Islamabad and 150 kilometres east of Peshawar, Pakistan.
Under Islamic tradition, the body is washed by Muslim men and buried as soon as possible.
The body is usually buried in a simple white sheet -whether buried in the ground, or at sea."


Yesterday DIG Anju Gupta was on news all over, as she testified against Advani before the CBI court. I am writing about this because she is my cousin, a not so close cousin but yes she still is one of my cousin’s. So she being in news all over yesterday, made me some kind of proud and I thought that I should write something about it. I am just putting the news from the DNA and Times of India Newspapers that have written about the entire event.

The news from DNA.

Advani encouraged Babri demolition: Key witness
DIG Anju Gupta testifies against BJP leader before the CBI court
Deepak Gidwani. Lucknow

There was no effort from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Sangh Parivar leadership to stop the kar sevaks from razing the disputed structure at Ayodhya on December 6, 1992. Top saffron leaders, including LK Advani, actually encouraged the demolition, the person in charge of Advani’s security on that day has deposed.
The testimony of Anju Gupta, DIG, Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), before the CBI court at Rae Bareli on Friday will be an embarrassment to the BJP and Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) leaders who have been maintaining brazenly that they did their best to stop the kar sevaks. The testimony also negates the BJP-VHP leaders’ explanation that the demolition of the structure was not planned, and that it was a spontaneous and impulsive act.
Gupta, who was assistant superintendent of police, Faizabad, at the time, was in charge of Advani’s security on December 6, 1992, and is one of the key witnesses in the case. She watched the build-up of events leading to the demolition from close quarters. On Friday, she reiterated what she had already said in an earlier statement to the CBI. 
Advani’s arrival on the dais erected at the Ram Janki Kunj, just 150 metres from the disputed site, sent a wave of excitement through the kar sevaks, and his speech, emphasising on ‘mandir yahin banayenge’, only instigated them further, the lady officer is reported to have told the CBI court. 

Advani encouraged Babri demolition: Key witness
Vinay Katiyar and other BJP-VHP leaders present on the dais also added to the fervour, she said.
She also said when the kar sevaks started pulling down the structure, all BJP-VHP leaders on the dais looked happy, and even distributed sweets.
She told the court that the kar sevaks had come well-equipped for the job, carrying iron rods, thick ropes with hooks attached, and other metal implements which clearly showed their intention to demolish the structure.
She also pointed out that the local police and the administration did not act in time. The district magistrate and the district police chief came after the dome fell, she stated, adding that they also had a closed-door meeting with Advani and Murli Manohar Joshi. She said that her repeated calls to the Ayodhya police control room for back-up force were not heeded.
Gupta is the ninth witness to depose before the court. The CBI has listed as many as 149 witnesses for examination. Advani is one of the eight accused of conspiring to bring down the disputed shrine along with BJP leaders Joshi, Katiyar and Uma Bharti, and VHP leaders Vishnu Hari Dalmiya, Giriraj Kishore, Ashok Singhal and Sadhvi Rithambara. ”

The news from Times of India.

Advani gave fiery speech on Dec 6, says his then-PSO
Refutes LK’s Claim That He Was Helpless Spectator To Demolition

Manjari Mishra | TNN

Rae Bareli: L K Advani’s attempt to distance himself from the Babri demoliton got a jolt on Friday, with Anju Gupta, senior IPS officer and an eyewitness of the destruction at Ayodhya on December 6, 1992, accusing the BJP veteran of delivering a provocative speech to the throng of kar sevaks who eventually tore down the mosque. 
    The IPS officer also did not support Advani’s claims that the demolition saddened him and that he had tried to restrain kar sevaks from bringing down the mosque. 
    Gupta’s testimony in the special CBI court here trying the Babri accused is significant because she, as Advani’s Personal Security Officer, was supposed to shadow him in Ayodhya and can claim to have seen and heard actions and utterances of the saffron stalwart on the eventful day. 
    The IPS officer said that Advani delivered a ‘bahut joshila’ (highly inflammatory) speech, adding that “his address generated much excitement” in the crowd. The leader declared that Ram Mandir will be constructed on the same 2.77 acre land. “Mandir wahin banega, Advani repeated the statement a number of times,” she said. 
    Gupta had given a detailed account of actions of Advani and his colleagues to the court earlier also. 
    Her reiterating the same in a trial which has dragged for years with no sign of coming to a close should not necessarily aggravate legal troubles for Advani immediately. Nor should it cause political complication to him or his party which still revels in its defiance over Ayodhya. But it undercuts Advani’s attempt to claim that he was a helpless spectator to the December 6 demolition. 
    The testimony, in fact, may appear to link the demolition to the speech, with the 1990-batch IPS officer saying that the final assault on the mosque began soon after Advani finished speaking. Saying that she could not hear the entire speech as she had to go out for a brief period to oversee VIP fleet parking arrangements, Gupta said that she, upon her return, noticed a crowd climbing up the structure with pick axes, spades and hooked ropes, the kinds used in circus. 
    Gupta’s descripition of happenings at Ayodhya on the fateful day also undercuts Advani’s claim that the demolition left him a sad man. Advani has regretted the act of demolition, terming December 6, 1992 “the saddest day in my life”. The claim, however, is not borne out by Gupta’s description of what followed the razing of the Babri mosque. The IPS officer told the court about celebrations that broke out among the leaders of BJP and VHP as the mosque came down, and did not sort those who felt sad from those who were jubiliant. 
    “The sight of the structure crashing down led to much euphoria among the dignatories present on the dais of the Ram Katha Manch. I saw sweets being distributed, people congratulating and embracing each other,” Gupta said. She continued, “The Ram Katha Manch, actually a single-storied building 150-170 metres away from the disputed structure, was a beehive of activity. Among the people who flitted in and out, I could recognise apart from Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi, Vishnu Hari Dalmia, Vinay Katiyar, Uma Bharati, Sadhvi Rithambhara, Acharya Dharmendra Dev and Shrish Chand Dixit,” she said. 
    Gupta also did not support Advani’s claim that he had tried to stop the kar sevaks, suggesting that he was actually concerned about kar sevaks who injured themselves during the demolition act. According to the officer, it was she who told Advani that a crowd had broken in and was demolishing the structure, and that a number of people had fallen off the dome and were critically injured. “Reports of kar sevaks being injured upset Advani. He demanded to be led to the site so that he could persuade kar sevaks to come down. Advised against this, Advani dropped the idea and deputed Uma Bharati instead,” she said. 
    The officer also accused other leaders of BJP/VHP combine — Vinay Katiyar, Uma Bharati, Sadhvi Rithambhara — of making provocative speeches. 
    While approaching the manch, Gupta could hear speakers saying from the dais, “Kar savek upar se nahi neeche se karseva karen (Kar sevaks should work from the bottom and not from the top).” Gupta also claimed to have heard Sadhvi Rithambhara urging the crowd repeatedly, “Ek dhakha aur do (give one more push).” “Uma Bharati was exhorting the crowd to start with the bottom for faster results. Explaining away the smoke rising from a distance, Uma Bharati said that the Muslims had set fire to their houses and now the time had come for Hindus to have their government at the Centre,” she said. 
    Gupta recalled Katiyar surveying the multitude from the balcony of the manch. Katiyar had remarked, “Parinda bhi par nahi mar sakta (even a bird cannot dare to come),” mocking at the famous statement by Mulayam Singh Yadav in 1990 as he banned any movement in Ayodhya.

A cop who makes waves

A 1990-batch IPS officer, Anju Gupta played a huge role in administrative arrangements in Faizabad in the days before the Babri Masjid demolition. As additional superintendent of police in Lucknow in the early 90s, the physics post-graduate cracked down on criminals. Married to batchmate Shafi Hasan Rizvi, she received the Police Medal for meritorious services in 2009. “